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Інформація щодо захворюваності на кір в Чернівецькій області

За 1 тиждень 2019 року з 26.12.2018 по 02.01.2019 в області захворіло кором 199 осіб (108 дітей та 91 дорослий), показники захворюваності на 2% нижче попереднього тижня.

Протягом 1 тижня 2019 року випадки кору реєструвались у м.Чернівці – 66, Вижницькому – 37, Кіцманському – 22, Сторожинецькому – 16, Хотинському – 13, Новоселицькому – 9, Сокирянському – 9, Герцаївському – 9, Глибоцькому – 8, Путильському – 4, Заставнівському – 3, Кельменецькому – 3.

За 1 тиждень 2019 року в Чернівецькій області інтенсивний показник захворюваності кором (на 100 тисяч населення) становив 21,99. У Вижницькому районі інтенсивний показник захворюваності – 66,61, Кіцманському – 31,96, Герцаївському – 27,11, м.Чернівці – 25,16, Хотинському – 20,84, Сокирянському – 16,71, Сторожинецькому – 15,94, Путильському – 15,15, Новоселицькому – 11,56, Глибоцькому – 10,79, Кельменецькому – 7,37, Заставнівському – 6,08.

За період спалаху з 01.01.2017 по 02.01.2019 в Чернівецькій області зареєстровано 3870 випадки кору. Серед захворілих 2608 дітей та 1262 дорослих. Було госпіталізовано 1831 хворих, з них 915 дітей.

Протягом спалаху у 168 хворих кором зареєстровані ускладнення, захворіло кором 47 вагітних та 6 новонароджених. Летальних випадків від кору в області не зареєстровано.

Всього в період з 01.01.2017 по 02.01.2019 в області зареєстровано 130 спалахів в організованих колективах.

За оперативними даними Центру громадського здоров’я МОЗ України, за останній тиждень в Україні на кір захворіли 2154 людей – 865 дорослих і 1289 дітей.

Загалом з початку року на кір в Україні захворіла 54481 людина (20204 дорослі та 34277 дітей). Найвищі показники у Львівській – 11873 людини, Івано-Франківській – 5617 людей, Закарпатській – 4733 людини, Тернопільській – 3658 людей, Вінницькій – 3422 людини областях.

Від ускладнень кору в Україні померло 16 хворих (4 дорослих і 12 дітей).

Morbillivirus — вірус кору — надзвичайно заразний, він швидко передається від хворої людини до здорової повітряно-крапельним шляхом, тобто під час вдихання найдрібніших крапель слизу, які потрапили в повітря при чханні, кашлі або розмові хворого. Вірус кору може жити в повітрі та на поверхнях до двох годин після того, як хвора людина залишила приміщення.

Кір — одне з найбільш заразних захворювань, відомих у світі: 9 з 10 неімунізованих людей, що контактують із хворим, будуть заражені.

Кір – одна з головних причин дитячої смертності в світі.

Інкубаційний період кору (тобто період, коли симптоми ще не проявляються) становить 6—21 днів. Далі починається період захворювання з такими симптомами: висока температура, головний біль, нежить, сухий кашель, збільшення лімфовузлів, запалення слизової оболонки очей (сльозотеча, світлобоязнь, гнійні виділення), пронос та блювота. На 4—5 день хвороби з’являється червоний висип, який починається зі шкіри голови й обличчя, а згодом розповсюджується на все тіло. Хвороба із симптомами триває до 4 тижнів і більше.

Захворювання може призвести до пневмонії, вушної інфекції, запалення мозку — енцефаліту, інших серйозних ускладнень, а також до інвалідності та смерті.

На сьогодні існує високий ризик захворювання на кір серед дітей, які не отримали щеплення. Підлітки та дорослі, які раніше не хворіли на кір і не робили щеплення, також залишаються вразливими до захворювання. У дорослих кір зазвичай має набагато тяжчий перебіг.

Специфічного лікування від кору немає. Проте захворюванню можна запобігти. Вакцинація формує специфічний імунітет, унаслідок чого організм людини стає нечутливим до захворювання. Згідно з календарем в Україні, в 12 місяців проводять перше щеплення від кору, а в 6 років — планову ревакцинацію. Ці дві дози вакцини забезпечують захист організму від кору.

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